Preheat oven to 350ºF degrees. Line a large baking sheet with parchment paper or a silicone baking mat. Lightly flour the baking sheet. Set aside.
In a medium size bowl, whisk together butter, oil, egg, vanilla extract, and sugar until combined. Set aside.
In a large bowl, toss together the flour, baking powder, cinnamon, and salt. Add the wet ingredients to the dry ingredients and gently mix with a large wooden spoon or sturdy rubber spatula until everything starts to come together. Mixture will be crumbly. This is ok. It will come together in the next step.
Check out this Instagram reel to see how I make my biscotti. Turn dough out onto lightly floured baking sheet and, with floured hands, pat dough into a rectangle about ½" thick. My rectangle was 6" wide and 7 and ½" long (using a ruler or a ruled silicone baking mat is helpful here).
Brush the slab with an egg wash then sprinkle generously with the entire cinnamon-sugar mixture.
Bake dough slab for 20 minutes, or until the top and sides of the slab are lightly browned. Remove from the oven, but do not turn off the heat. Place baking sheet on a wire rack and allow to cool for 10 minutes. Once the dough is cool enough to touch, cut into 1" thick slices using a sharp knife. Cut these 1" slices in half, making a perpendicular slice down the entire slab. Set slices cut sides up on the baking sheet. Return to the oven to bake for 6 minutes. Remove from oven, turn biscotti over, and bake the other side for 6 minutes. Remove from the oven and allow to cool for 3 minutes on the baking sheet (cookies will become crunchy as they cool). Transfer biscotti to a wire rack to cool completely before serving. Biscotti stay fresh in an airtight container up to 2 weeks. Baked biscotti may be frozen up to 3 months.